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Wintersemester 2021/22Wintersemester 2021/22
25.10.2021 : 23:45 : +0200

Der Forschungsschwerpunkt Internationale Wirtschaft (FIW) (undefinedhttps://www.fiw.ac.at/) ist eine Kooperation zwischen der Wirtschaftsuniversität Wien (WU), der Universität Wien, der Johannes Kepler Universität Linz und der Universität Innsbruck, WIFO, wiiw und WSR. FIW wird von den Bundesministerien BMBFW und BMDW unterstützt.

FIW Statistiken

Aktuelle FIW Statistiken zur Außenwirtschaft,  übersichtlich und grafisch aufbereitet.

Seminar in International Economics im Wintersemester 21/22

 

Das FIW bietet gemeinsam mit dem Wiener Institut für Internationale Wirtschaftsvergleiche (wiiw) regelmäßig Vorlesungen in Form eines Seminars in "International Economics" an.

Aufgrund der Covid-19 Pandemie finden alle Veranstaltungen im Wintersemester 2021/22 voraussichtlich als Online-Veranstaltungen statt.

 

The Domestication of value chains. Can the Visegrád Group countries benefit from the Chinese experience?

 

Thursday, 30th of September 2021, 3:00 p.m. (CET)

Online Event
  

Tomasz Geodecki (Cracow University of Economics, Poland)

 

Registration link:
https://us06web.zoom.us/webinar/register/WN_sLHfp0-cRaydRVAsr9K1-A
The dial-in link will be sent immediately after registration.
 

The presentation is based on a discussion paper co-authored with Marcin Zawicki.
 

Description:

Developing countries sometimes deploy local content requirements (LCRs) with a view to strengthening the capacity of domestic firms for industrial upgrading. They induce foreign lead firms to intensify cooperation with local suppliers and transfer technological knowledge in the process. The literature underscores the ineffectiveness of LCRs, as the gains for local suppliers tend to be offset by losses for final producers and consumers, yet treating LCRs as an innovation policy instrument may alter these outcomes. Taking the Chinese LCR policy pursued in 2004 2014 in the high-tech and medium-high-tech (sectors as a starting point, we intend to consider whether or not it can be replicated by the Visegrad Group countries (or the V4, i.e. the Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Slovakia). Apart from natural for the EU ban on violating free trade rules, the benefits of such policy would not offset the negative effects of decreased share of foreign demand. The authors’ research hypothesis is that LCRs cannot actually become an effective tool of the V4’s economic policy. In order to test it, three auxiliary questions were formulated: (1) Did the application of LCRs contribute to value-added in the Chinese economy?; (2) What were the mechanisms of LCRs’ impact on value-added in Chinese HT&MHT sectors?; and (3) Can the V4 countries follow the Chinese development path?

 

Growing imbalances of cross-border investment incomes: A ‘Fault Line’ in the Eurozone?


Thursday, 07th of October 2021, 3:00 p.m. (CET)
Online Event


Konstantin M. Wacker (University of Groningen, Netherlands)
 

Registration link:
https://us06web.zoom.us/webinar/register/WN_Dzn1pXqcSKGFXzacguGJ-g
The dial-in link will be sent immediately after registration.


Presentation slides

Link to the recording

 

Description:

The investment income balance has become an important component of current account imbalances – magnitudes above 5% of GDP are not uncommon in major economies. This paper investigates trends, dynamics, and potential determinants of cross-border investment income flows. The essential question I explore in this paper is whether those investment income imbalances can become a substantial problem for countries in the Eurozone, which lacks the exchange rate as an adjustment mechanism for such imbalances.

I find no evidence for a particularly persistent or divergent pattern of imbalances in Euro area countries. However, investment incomes behave fundamentally different from other current account components and a negative association between the two is found exclusively for Euro area countries. This calls for a much more differentiated perspective on the current account in academic analysis and policy.

 

Market Selection in Global Value Chains


Thursday, 14th of October 2021, 4:00 p.m. (CET)

Online-Event
  

Simone Vannuccini (University of Sussex Business School, UK)

 

Registration link:
https://us06web.zoom.us/webinar/register/WN_Nch_T53NQSKm34AWeBsrvw
The dial-in link will be sent immediately after registration.

 

Description:

The presentation is based on a paper co-authored with Philipp Mundt, Uwe Cantner, Hiroyasu Inoue, and Ivan Savin.
 

The idea that market selection promotes survival and expansion of the "fittest" producers is a key principle underlying theories of competition. Yet, despite its intuitive appeal, the hypothesis that companies with superior productivity also exhibit higher growth lacks empirical support. One reason for this is that companies are not "islands" that produce goods and services in isolation but depend on their suppliers in value chains, implying that excessive growth can also originate in the superior productive performance of these value-chain partners. Neglecting these dependencies in empirical tests of the selection hypothesis leads to measurement errors and may impair the identification of competition for the market.

In this paper, we use data from the World-Output-Database to capture these global value-chain relationships in an empirical test for market selection, studying competition between country-sectors for a global market share in different economic activities. Compared to the conventional view that focuses on individual productivities, our value-chain perspective on the productivity-growth nexus provides stronger empirical support for market selection. This suggests that the scope of selection reaches beyond the level of individual producers and requires a systemic analysis of production networks. Our findings contribute to a better understandig of the determinants of selection in competitive environments and also represent a novel application of global value-chain data.

 

Climate Change and Internal Migration: Evidence from Global Census Data


Thursday, 4th of November 2021, 3:00 p.m. (CET)

Online-Event
  

Roman Hoffmann (International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, Austria)
 

Registration link:
https://us06web.zoom.us/webinar/register/WN_vwvjGbVJTTC72Kd8w32jIw
The dial-in link will be sent immediately after registration.

 

Description:

In this paper, we provide a systematic comparative analysis of climate-induced internal migration across 69 countries in Africa, Asia and Latin America and the Caribbean based on the micro census data supplied by the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series (IPUMS) International over the period 1960-2015. Using the data from 188 censuses, we construct a longitudinal database at the sub-national regional level (Geo 1 census regions) with information on bilateral migration flows between the regions. Migration is estimated based on information on the previous residence of the census participants five or ten  years prior to the respective census date (Garcia et al. 2015). In total, the data contains information on internal migration from 1600 census regions allowing us to estimate approximately 98000 bilateral migration flows.  

We use gravity-type fixed effects models to estimate internal migration flows induced by temperature and rainfall anomalies as well as drought taking into account both socioeconomic and climate drivers at the origin and destination. All models control for both region of origin as well as destination fixed effects and common time trends. We find a sizeable impact of negative precipitation anomalies, as well as weaker but significant impacts of heat anomalies and droughts on migration. Our findings furthermore suggest that also climatic conditions in destination regions influence migration flows to those regions. Fitting a series of spatial interaction models for different world regions, we find long-term heat stress increases out-migration in Asia and Latin America and the Caribbean while internal migration flows decline in Africa as the frequency of dry years increase. For the latter, the vulnerable subgroups of population may be ‘trapped’ in the place with unfavorable climatic conditions since they do not have necessary resources to facilitate outmigration (Black et al. 2013).


As next steps, we plan to extend our analysis to study not only whether and where climate-induced migration occurs,but also to better understand who migrates, under which conditions, and to which locations. For this, we will use rich information collected in the censuses about the socioeconomic and demographic characteristics of migrants as well as complementary data on the conditions in the origin as well as prospective destination regions. The results of our study have important implications in the context of global policy discussions and highlight the role of contextual differences in shaping migration responses to climate change.